What Is the P.A.S.S. Technique for Fire Extinguishers?

When used appropriately, fire extinguishers can preserve life and property. You’ve probably seen one at your place of employment or a business in the area. Here’s some information about the P.A.S.S. technique for using fire extinguishers:

What Is the P.A.S.S. Technique?

The P.A.S.S technique is an effective method created to teach people what to do if they ever have to put out a fire. These are the steps and instructions for extinguisher usage. Use it if a fire ever emerges in your area:

P = Pull

All fire extinguishers have a pin installed, and it’s planted there to keep the unit secure so that no one can activate it accidentally. The extinguisher at your workplace may also have a tamper-resistant seal around the nozzle. 

The first step in the P.A.S.S. method is to pull the pin to unlock the extinguisher. The tamper-resistant seal will break when you do it.


The next step is to aim your nozzle once you disengage the pin. Point it toward the bottom of the fire at the origin. Avoid touching the extinguisher’s "horn" because it might be cold enough to give you frostbite and damage your skin. 

S = Squeeze

You can squeeze the nozzle and release the solution after you position yourself and point toward the bottom of the fire. 

S = Sweep

The correct way to extinguish a fire is to use sweeping motions. Thus, you must sweep the stream from left to right while pointing at the fire’s base. The fire should die out if you do it correctly. However, you may have to repeat the process once or twice if you notice the fire isn’t responding. Keep your eyes on it to see if it dissipates and remove yourself from the area once the fire extinguisher empties itself. 

Additional Information

Ensure that you are using the type of extinguisher that matches the fire’s cause. Several types exist, and one kind might not extinguish a fire of a different type. Some have elements in them that extinguish wood and paper fires, while others are for grease fires. The third type of extinguisher puts out electrical fires. Talk to your supervisor to get the appropriate training if your workplace has more than one extinguisher on the property. 

Contact the fire department before you do anything else and examine your surroundings before you step into the fire by checking for an evacuation route. Also, you should leave right away if you find that your efforts to stop the fire don’t work. You can’t do much else after you empty the first extinguisher except ensure that you and everyone else involved are safe. 

How Can P.A.S.S. Help in a Fire?

The person who originated the P.A.S.S method did so because of how easy it is for the mind to get frazzled and fogged in an emergency. Use it if you ever experience a fire and need to act quickly to put it out. It will help you save time, which could save lives as a result. 

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